When Did The Mediterranean Diet Became Popular – Effect of a 4-week dietary intervention with 8-hour time-restricted meals on body composition and cardiometabolic risk factors in young adults
A properly balanced reduction diet and/or supplementation addresses the problem of deficiencies in these water-soluble vitamins in patients with PCOS.
When Did The Mediterranean Diet Became Popular
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The Mediterranean Diet And Health: A Comprehensive Overview
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The Mediterranean Diet: Why It Could Lead To A More Satisfying Sex Life
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Tatjana Milenkovic 1, 2, * , Nadika Poshinovska 3 , Djuro Magut 4 , Jelica Bjekic-Magut 5 , Dario Rahelic 6, 7, 8 , Zelija Velija Azimi 9, 10 and Asra Burekovic 11,
Received: March 23, 2021 / Revised: April 11, 2021 / Accepted: April 13, 2021 / Published: April 15, 2021
For the past 80 years, the impact of the Mediterranean diet on public health has been of continuing interest to medical and scientific researchers. In parallel with the continued increase in type 2 diabetes worldwide, several studies conducted over the past 20 years have shown the benefits of a Mediterranean lifestyle for people with or at risk of developing type 2 diabetes. However, despite the large amount of evidence, there are concerns among scientists about the reliability of data on this subject. This review provides insight into the early days of the Mediterranean diet and explores its significant impact on the prevention and management of type 2 diabetes. Cases of type 2 diabetes are gradually increasing, especially in the Balkan Peninsula and North Macedonia. Considering that North Macedonia and most of the Balkan countries are low-middle income, a specific affordable diet is needed to reduce the increase in diabetes incidence and improve glycemic control. We reviewed the Mediterranean diet and its effect on glycemic control, lipid profile and metabolic outcome in people with type 2 diabetes.
South Beach Diet: Phases, Benefits, What Can I Eat?
Type 2 diabetes; Mediterranean cuisine; obesity; insulin resistance; Prediabetes is type 2 diabetes; Mediterranean cuisine; obesity; insulin resistance; Pre-diabetes
It is now well known that diabetic patients are prone to chronic micro- and macrovascular complications, which affect their quality of life. In addition, diabetes patients have a shorter life expectancy  and are associated with a two-fold increased risk of developing cardiovascular diseases and cognitive impairment [2, 3, 4]. Previous studies have shown that people with diabetes have a significantly increased chance of developing certain types of cancer [ 1 , 5 , 6 ].
Treatment of type 2 diabetes has improved both qualitatively and quantitatively over the past two decades. In particular, pharmacological approaches have been improved; Therefore, doctors have different choices of drugs to choose from. As defined in the 2020 American Diabetes Association (ADA) Diabetes Guidelines, type 2 diabetes management includes specific criteria, including the expected efficacy of treatment, potential side effects, cost, and impact on body weight factors such as cardiovascular risk and specific dosage. Individual patients, microvascular complications, and patient preferences . In recent years there has been a sharp increase in the use of glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) receptor agonists, sodium glucose cotransporter 2 (SGLD2) inhibitors, thiazolidinediones, and dipeptidyl peptidase-4 (TPP-4) inhibitors. However, despite this significant pharmacologic advance, the ADA’s 2020 diabetes clinical care standards include a separate section focusing on lifestyle changes that improve diabetes and thereby overall health [7, 8, 9]. The Finnish Diabetes Prevention Study (DBS) was one of the first controlled, randomized studies to show that type 2 diabetes can be prevented by lifestyle intervention . Compared to the control group, a 58% reduction in diabetes was found . Furthermore, these results were supported by the Diabetes Prevention Program (DPP), which showed similar risk reduction in addition to better outcomes compared to metformin treatment . These studies show that type 2 diabetes is largely preventable and treatable through behavioral changes and modifications. Currently, lifestyle changes are a healthy and theoretically simple recommendation, however, maintaining a healthy lifestyle and making the right food choices can be difficult to achieve for people with type 2 diabetes.
The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has classified individuals who are overweight or obese, have an unhealthy diet, a sedentary lifestyle, and/or a family history of diabetes as a risk category with a strong prognosis for type 2 diabetes . An unhealthy lifestyle clearly contributes to the development of diabetes. Therefore, the next logical step to treat an incurable disease is to take preventive measures with treatment in its early stages . Healthy and effective lifestyle changes, including habit management, regular physical activity, and mental toughness, are recommended to achieve treatment goals for patients with diabetes [8, 9].
Mediterranean Diet Recipes To Make In Your Instant Pot
Many patients with newly diagnosed diabetes struggle with choosing their next meal. Some of them ask for a general recommendation and get worried when they learn that there is no general solution that fits all patients. Although there is no one-size-fits-all nutritional solution for every patient, there is a general consensus among clinicians that an individual nutrition plan based on a specific type of diet can lead to significant reductions in glycated hemoglobin A1c (HbA1c) . ,15]. In the last decade, an increasing number of studies have focused on specific nutritional benefits related to diabetes [16, 17, 18]. However, further research is needed on lifestyle benefits for diabetes prevention .
A Mediterranean Diet (PREDIMED) Study on Primary Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease started a revolution by finally providing important evidence for the health of a specific diet  and showing that certain types of diet positively affect metabolism. However, the study was withdrawn due to certain technical and ethical issues, and those who were skeptical of the study’s results were given the opportunity to voice their concerns. However, since its new version, the PREDIMED study has made a very important contribution to modern medicine . The study showed that people who ate a Mediterranean diet with extra virgin olive oil or nuts had a lower rate of major cardiovascular events than a group on a more popular reduced-fat diet. In addition, PREDIMED showed that a Mediterranean diet with nuts helped 13.7% of people with metabolic syndrome to cure their condition . In addition to these data, the PREDIMED study clearly showed for the first time that a Mediterranean diet reduced the risk of developing type 2 diabetes by 52% in patients who did not have diabetes at the beginning of the study [20, 21, 22] . . Because of the magnitude of PREDIMED’s impact on the medical community, the search for a proper diet for diabetes began after the publication of this study.
The world diet can cause many people to give up before they even get started. In popular culture, the term diet is associated with the reduction of whole food groups such as carbohydrates, fats, or dairy products. Alternatively, it may also mean creating stricter calorie restrictions. The popular Mediterranean diet is more than a strict diet, it should be adopted as a way of life . It encourages seasonal cooking, freshly prepared food and the use of extra virgin olive oil. The Mediterranean lifestyle encourages people to try and enjoy healthy and fresh food rather than microwave frozen meals alone in front of the TV. People living in the Mediterranean region have been following the Mediterranean diet and lifestyle for hundreds of years. That
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