How To Prevent Gestational Diabetes Diet – When your doctor’s office calls with the news that you failed your first prenatal glucose (blood sugar) test, a cascade of thoughts may start running through your mind.
Am I doing something wrong? Does failing a glucose test mean I have diabetes? What should I do after failing a blood sugar test?
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You may feel disappointed, frustrated and scared. This is normal! But a failed blood sugar test doesn’t always mean you have gestational diabetes, and even if you do, you and your baby can live healthy lives.
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So while you’re hanging in the balance waiting for your three-hour test, here’s some quick advice from our experts on what to expect.
A glucose test during pregnancy checks the ability of your body’s cells to absorb sugar. This test measures the amount of sugar in the blood after consuming a specific amount of sugar for a specific time. High levels of glucose may indicate that you have gestational diabetes.
“Glucose testing between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy is a routine part of prenatal care,” says OhioHealth OB-GYN Sara Alderman, MD. “We also ask patients with an elevated BMI to be tested at their initial prenatal visit or shortly after delivery. By screening early, we can identify women with diabetes.
You may not have obvious signs of gestational diabetes, which is why it’s crucial to see your doctor for regular prenatal visits. Symptoms, if present, can be mistaken for other pregnancy symptoms, including being exhausted after eating, urinating more often, and being hungrier than usual.
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Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar (glucose) in the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. The exact cause is unknown. It could be a combination of factors, including genetics, pregnancy-induced hormone increases leading to insulin resistance, and an inability to produce the extra insulin needed to compensate. “By the 26th week of pregnancy, women need about twice as much insulin as normal to properly regulate blood sugar,” says Alyssa Bixler, diabetes program coordinator at the OhioHealth McConnell Heart Health Center. “This need nearly triples by the end of pregnancy. For some women, the demands on the body are too much.
Alderman said gestational diabetes is common. “About 10 percent of pregnant women have gestational diabetes, and that number is climbing.”
The first glucose test is usually an hour-long test that does not require fasting. You will drink a 50-gram glucose drink, wait an hour, and then have your blood drawn at your doctor’s office or in a laboratory. The results of both tests are available within 24 hours. If your first test is high, your doctor will order a three-hour glucose test, for which you must fast and drink a 100-gram glucose drink. Then, you will have blood drawn one hour, two hours, and three hours later.
Do not! Between tests, you should go about your life as usual. Excessive stress or changes in lifestyle habits can make the results inaccurate.
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Some people try to cheat the three-hour test to get a passing grade by changing their diet. It is very important not to do this. This can be dangerous for you and your baby. Remember, there is no shame in having abnormal test results. That doesn’t mean you’ve failed you or your baby. This test will only help your doctor understand how to best care for you and your baby for the remainder of your pregnancy.
Yes, you may fail your first glucose test, but not the second. It just means you probably don’t have gestational diabetes.
“Different physicians may use slightly different values to identify patients at risk for gestational diabetes,” says Sara Alderman, MD, OhioHealth OB-GYN. “For the one-hour test, I consider anything above 135 mg/dL abnormal. If the value is above 200, I consider the patient to have gestational diabetes and refer them immediately to a dietitian and fetal medicine experts without requiring a three-hour test. During the three-hour test period, the normal range for fasting changes to one hour, two hours, and three hours, Oldman said. If a patient has two or more abnormalities during the three-hour test period value, the test as a whole is considered abnormal. If you fail the three-hour test, your doctor may diagnose you with gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes can pose risks to you and your baby, but with proper treatment during pregnancy, you can live a healthy life.
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The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases with age, Bixler said. It is more likely to occur to a mother within 10 years of pregnancy, and any time her child is in adolescence or adulthood. Diabetes is also associated with other metabolic disorders and related diseases, such as weight gain and heart disease. “Being active as a family and focusing on weight management can reduce the risk of type 2 diabetes,” she says.
“It’s important to understand that gestational diabetes is not your fault,” Bixler said. “Focus on the cure, not the cause.”
Yes. While there’s no way to get rid of gestational diabetes during pregnancy, in most cases it goes away within hours of birth. Your doctor will perform blood sugar tests after delivery and again six weeks after birth.
Having gestational diabetes in one pregnancy increases your chances of developing gestational diabetes in subsequent pregnancies. It may not be possible to prevent gestational diabetes, but you can be proactive by monitoring your blood sugar early in pregnancy and adopting healthy habits that help control your blood sugar.
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Obstetrics and gynecology can help you better understand gestational diabetes. To find someone near you taking new patients, visit OhioHealth.com. Content written by: Dr. Ami Shah PG Clinical Nutrition (Heart Disease and Diabetes), Registered Dietitian and Diabetes Educator
Pregnancy is a joyful time in a woman’s life. But as the body adapts to help grow and feed the baby, monitoring the health of the mother and the unborn baby becomes important to avoid any complications during pregnancy. If the mother suffers from diabetes, it may affect the baby’s health. There can be a lot of unwanted advice from friends and family that just makes the expectant mother nervous. So instead of listening to the naysayers, let’s learn more about gestational diabetes.
Gestational diabetes is a pregnancy-related disease. While gestational diabetes can negatively affect both the mother and her unborn baby, research shows that following a healthy diet with gestational diabetes can greatly help mothers manage the condition.
But before we explore the detailed diet for gestational diabetes, let’s dive into some of the issues associated with it. Questions such as what is gestational diabetes, some symptoms of gestational diabetes, risk factors and causes of gestational diabetes, and how to manage gestational diabetes with a healthy diet afterwards.
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Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes, is a condition in which a woman develops diabetes or high blood sugar during pregnancy. Gestational diabetes is one of three types of diabetes that can occur regardless of whether a mother had diabetes before pregnancy.
However, it usually occurs in those who have never had diabetes before. Gestational diabetes during pregnancy also doesn’t mean your blood sugar levels remain high after delivery. For many women, it goes away soon after giving birth. But unfortunately, if you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, your chances of developing type 2 diabetes in the future are higher.
Gestational diabetes usually develops towards the end of the second trimester, especially between the 24th and 28th weeks of pregnancy. Usually, at the end of the second trimester, your diabetologist will usually perform a gestational diabetes test as a precaution. If left untreated or undiagnosed, gestational diabetes can increase your child’s risk of developing diabetes in the future. So we better get it treated in time so we can minimize the risks and complications of gestational diabetes during pregnancy and delivery. In these cases, a diet formulated by a nutritionist for gestational diabetes can greatly help in controlling the mother’s blood sugar levels and keeping the baby safe.
In this chapter, we will learn about some of the complications of gestational diabetes and how they affect the baby. These complications can harm a growing baby, which is why prompt diagnosis is important to help manage its effects throughout pregnancy. Both the expectant mother and her baby can develop complications of gestational diabetes. Here are some ways gestational diabetes can affect your baby:
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Higher than normal birth weight – High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can cause babies to grow larger than normal. This is a complication of gestational diabetes that can lead to birth trauma or an emergency C-section because the baby is less likely or unable to make it through the birth canal.
Premature birth – this is related to
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