Gestational Diabetes Diet After Birth – Information: Dr Nikita Toshi BDS, Director (Medical Review), Dr Ritu Budania MBBS, MD (Pharmacology) Head, Medical Affairs and D. Ami Shah PG Clinical Nutrition (Heart and Cancer), Nutritionist and diabetes educator
Pregnancy is a very exciting time in a woman’s life. But as the body changes to grow and feed the baby, monitoring the health of the mother and the future baby becomes important to avoid problems during pregnancy. And if the mother has diabetes, it can affect the health of the child. There may be a lot of unnecessary advice from friends and family, which only irritates the expectant mother. So instead of listening to naysayers, let’s learn more about gestational diabetes.
Gestational Diabetes Diet After Birth
Gestational diabetes is a disease associated with pregnancy. Although gestational diabetes can be harmful to both the mother and her unborn baby, studies have shown that following a healthy diet for gestational diabetes can greatly help the mother to control the kind of.
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But before we get into the specific gestational diabetes diet, let’s first explore some issues related to it. Questions like gestational diabetes, some symptoms of gestational diabetes, risk factors and causes of gestational diabetes, and then how to treat gestational diabetes with a healthy diet.
Gestational diabetes, also known as gestational diabetes, is a condition in which a woman develops diabetes or high blood sugar levels during pregnancy. One of the three types of diabetes, gestational diabetes can occur if the expectant mother had diabetes before conception.
However, it often occurs in people who have never had diabetes before. Gestational diabetes during pregnancy does not mean that sugar levels will remain high after delivery. For many women, it ends soon after giving birth. However, if you are diagnosed with gestational diabetes, you are more likely to develop type 2 diabetes later in life.
Gestational diabetes usually occurs at the end of the second trimester, especially between the 24th and 28th week of pregnancy. Usually, at the end of the second trimester, it is common for your diabetologist to perform a gestational diabetes test as a precaution. If left untreated or undiagnosed, gestational diabetes can increase your baby’s risk of developing diabetes in the future. Therefore, it is better if we take care in advance so that we can reduce the risk and problems related to gestational diabetes during pregnancy and childbirth. In these cases, a diet designed for gestational diabetes by a nutritionist can go a long way in controlling the mother’s blood sugar levels and keeping the baby safe.
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In this chapter, we will look at some of the problems of gestational diabetes and its effect on the baby. Complications can harm the developing baby, so early treatment is important to prevent its effects during pregnancy. Both the pregnant mother and her baby can have complications related to gestational diabetes. Here are some ways that gestational diabetes can affect your baby:
Higher than normal birth weight – High blood sugar levels during pregnancy can cause their baby to weigh more than normal. This is one of the complications associated with gestational diabetes that can lead to birth defects or birth complications because the baby cannot move smoothly through the birth canal.
Preterm birth – this refers to low birth weight, where a woman gives birth early due to the size of the baby.
Breathing problems. a serious complication of gestational diabetes in which babies can develop respiratory distress syndrome, a serious condition that makes it difficult to breathe, soon after birth.
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Low blood sugar – Although gestational diabetes is associated with high blood sugar, some babies can experience the side effects soon after birth. Very low blood sugar can cause seizures in children. However, controlled feeding times and the use of intravenous glucose solutions can be used to maintain low blood sugar during labor.
Obesity in the future – Children born to mothers with gestational diabetes are more likely to develop obesity and type 2 diabetes later in life.
Childbirth – Untreated or untreated gestational diabetes during pregnancy can lead to the death of the baby before or shortly after birth.
Although we know how gestational diabetes in pregnant women poses a risk to the baby, it can also affect the mother. Consider some complications of gestational diabetes that can harm the mother.
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High blood pressure – Mothers with gestational diabetes can develop high blood pressure and pre-eclampsia. Pre-eclampsia is a pregnancy complication that usually develops at or after the 20th week of pregnancy. If left untreated, it can cause high blood pressure, headaches, blurred vision, protein in the urine, fluid retention, and organ damage that can be life-threatening. for mother and baby. This can affect the baby’s growth as it grows. Although the causes of preeclampsia are not clear, it is often related to problems with the placenta.
Delivered via C-section – Although gestational diabetes is not a risk factor, mothers who have gestational diabetes are more likely to have it than normal births due to increased blood pressure. weight and size of the baby.
Diabetes later in life – A history of gestational diabetes can predispose the mother to develop the disease again in another pregnancy. There is also a risk of developing type 2 diabetes in the future.
Unfortunately, the exact cause of gestational diabetes is unknown. However, the female endocrine system is believed to be the cause. But what we know is that gestational diabetes is not caused by a lack of insulin, but by the production of other hormones during pregnancy that reduce the need for insulin. the body. During pregnancy, even before conception, the body begins to produce a lot of special pregnancy hormones to help the baby grow.
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So what does insulin do in our body? Its function is to direct the blood glucose to the cells, where it is converted into energy. It is common to develop insulin resistance during pregnancy as blood glucose is transferred to the baby. On the other hand, increased insulin can lead to high blood glucose levels, which can cause gestational diabetes.
Many pregnant women do not experience the usual signs or symptoms of gestational diabetes. This is why we often accept gestational diabetes without being diagnosed. Gynecologists usually perform a gestational diabetes test at the end of the second trimester, to give them information about the presence or absence of the disease.
On the other hand, some pregnant women may complain of mild symptoms similar to other types of diabetes. Some common symptoms of gestational diabetes include:
Although all pregnant women should be tested for gestational diabetes regardless of symptoms, it is likely that you will experience any of the above symptoms at or before 12-16 weeks. week, it is important to consult a diabetologist for an accurate diagnosis. Yes, all pregnant women are tired. After all, it is not up to the man to carry the child. But to be on the safe side, it’s best to check with your doctor.
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If gestational diabetes is confirmed, your doctor will recommend medication, diabetic supplements, light exercise and/or a strict diet based on your case, in addition to monitoring often, to help lower the level of blood sugar.
Everyone has their own style of what to eat during pregnancy. So it’s better to ignore them and do what works best for you. Find a nutritionist and learn about your foods. And if you’ve been diagnosed with gestational diabetes, a diet plan can help you control your sugar levels.
The best gestational diabetes diet is one that is balanced and contains the right carbohydrates, proteins, and fats recommended to maintain optimal blood sugar levels. Blood sugar levels often rise when too much processed sugar is consumed or if fatty foods are not properly spaced throughout the day. A nutritionist or dietitian will help you determine what gestational diabetes diet you need based on your blood sugar levels. They can tell you the exact amount of carbs you should be eating each day.
Whole grains – Add nutritious whole grains such as oats, millet, barley, quinoa and sorghum to your gestational diabetes diet. They are high in fiber and have a low glycemic index. They support healthy bowel movements and help reduce the risk of obesity and type 2 diabetes in the long run.
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Green leafy vegetables and legumes — including beans, peas, lentils, corn, spinach, lettuce, and more — in your diet for gestational diabetes have been shown to regulate blood sugar levels while providing the nutrition you and your baby need.
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