Diabetic Diet Medical Term – Blood sugar is an unpredictable part of your health. If it is not balanced for a long time, it can develop into diabetes.
Your body’s ability to make or use insulin, a hormone that allows your body to convert sugar (sugar) into energy.
Diabetic Diet Medical Term
Diabetes can be effectively managed if diagnosed early. However, if left untreated, it can lead to potential complications, including:
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Normally, after you eat or drink, your body will break down the sugar from your food and use it for energy in your cells.
To do this, your pancreas must produce a hormone called insulin. Insulin is something that facilitates the process of extracting sugar from the blood into the cells for use or energy.
If you have diabetes, your pancreas produces too little or no insulin. Insulin cannot be used effectively.
This allows blood sugar levels to rise while depriving the remaining cells of much-needed energy. It can cause many problems affecting almost every major body system.
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The first type, called juvenile diabetes or insulin-dependent diabetes, is a disease of the immune system. Your immune system attacks the insulin-producing cells in your pancreas, destroying your body’s ability to produce insulin. With type 1 diabetes, you need to take insulin to survive. Most people are diagnosed with the first type in childhood or adolescence.
The second type refers to insulin resistance. It used to happen to older people, but now more and more young people are getting type 2 diabetes. It is the result of certain lifestyle, diet and exercise habits.
With type 2 diabetes, your pancreas stops using insulin effectively. This causes problems with the ability to take sugar from the blood and put it into the cells for energy. This can eventually lead to the need for insulin.
You can effectively manage the early stages, such as diabetes, with a balanced diet, exercise and blood sugar control. It can also prevent the development of type 2 diabetes.
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Diabetes is manageable. In some cases, it can be released if lifestyle changes are required.
Gestational diabetes is high blood sugar that develops during pregnancy. Most of the time, you can manage gestational diabetes with diet and exercise. This can usually be resolved after the baby is born.
Gestational diabetes can increase the risk of complications during pregnancy. It can also increase the risk of developing type 2 diabetes later in life for both birth parents and children.
If your pancreas produces little or no insulin, or if your body can’t use it, other hormones are used to turn fat into energy. This can lead to high levels of toxic chemicals, including acids and ketones, which can lead to a condition called diabetic ketoacidosis.
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Your breath may have an odor caused by high levels of ketones in your blood. High blood sugar and excess ketones in the urine can indicate diabetic ketoacidosis. If left untreated, this condition can lead to unconsciousness or even death.
Diabetic hyperglycemic hyperosmolar syndrome (HHS) occurs in type 2 diabetes. This is associated with high blood sugar but no ketones.
With this condition, you can become dehydrated. You may even lose consciousness. HHS is most common in people with undiagnosed diabetes or those who are unable to control their diabetes well. It can also be caused by a heart attack, stroke or infection.
High blood sugar can cause gastroparesis. This is when your stomach struggles to be completely empty. This delay can cause blood sugar levels to rise. As a result, you may also experience:
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Diabetes can also damage the kidneys and affect their ability to filter waste from the blood. If your doctor detects microalbuminuria, or increased protein in your urine, it may be a sign that your kidneys are not working properly.
Diabetic nephropathy is called diabetic nephropathy. The condition is asymptomatic until later in life.
If you have diabetes, your doctor will evaluate you for neurological problems to help prevent permanent kidney damage or kidney failure.
If you have high blood sugar, it can cause fat to build up in the walls of your blood vessels. Over time, this can restrict blood flow and increase the risk of atherosclerosis, or hardening of the arteries.
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Diabetes doubles the risk of heart disease and stroke. In addition to monitoring and controlling sugar levels, healthy eating habits and regular exercise can help reduce the risk of high blood pressure and high cholesterol.
If you smoke, consider quitting if you are at risk for diabetes. Smoking increases the risk of cardiovascular problems and restricted blood circulation. Your doctor can help you create a vacation plan.
The lack of blood flow can eventually affect your arms and legs and cause pain when you walk. This is called an irregular beep.
Narrowing of the arteries in the legs and feet can also cause problems in these areas. For example, your feet may feel cold or you may not be able to feel heat due to a lack of sensation.
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This condition is called peripheral neuropathy, a type of diabetic neuropathy that causes numbness in the extremities. This is especially dangerous because it can prevent injuries or infections.
Diabetes also increases the risk of infection or foot ulcers. Poor blood flow and nerve damage increase the chance of amputation or leg amputation.
If you have diabetes, it is important to take good care of your feet and check them often.
Diabetes can also affect your skin, the largest organ in your body. Along with dehydration, your body lacks moisture due to high blood sugar, which can cause the skin on your feet to become dry and cracked.
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It is important to dry your feet completely after swimming or swimming. You can use petroleum jelly or a mild cream, but don’t leave the areas too wet.
Moist and warm skin folds are prone to fungal, bacterial or fungal infections. These are the developments in the following sections:
Areas of high pressure under the feet can cause cutaneous cough. They can become infected or ulcerated. If you have an ulcer, see your doctor right away to reduce the risk of losing your foot.
Diabetes causes diabetes or nerve damage. This can affect your perception of heat, cold and pain. It can also make you more vulnerable to injury.
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You are also more likely to overlook these injuries and let them develop into a serious infection or condition.
Diabetes can also cause swelling and the appearance of blood vessels in the eyes, called diabetic retinopathy. It can damage your vision. It can even cause blindness. Symptoms of eye problems can be mild at first, so it’s important to see your eye doctor regularly.
Hormonal changes during pregnancy can cause gestational diabetes and increase the risk of high blood pressure. There are two types of high blood pressure to watch out for during pregnancy: acne and preeclampsia.
In most cases, gestational diabetes is easily controlled and blood sugar levels return to normal after the baby is born. Symptoms are similar to other types of diabetes, but may also include recurrent infections affecting the vagina and bladder.
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If you develop gestational diabetes, your baby may have a higher birth weight. This can make transportation more difficult. You are also at greater risk of developing type 2 diabetes for many years after birth.
It can also be helpful to connect with other people who understand what you are going through. Our free T2D app connects you with real people living with type 2 diabetes. Ask questions, give advice, and build relationships with the people who receive it. Download the app for iPhone or Android.
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Our experts continue to monitor health and wellness, and we update our articles as new information becomes available. Nutritional Analysis for Nutrition Thinking for Type 2 Diabetes Exemption 2021; 374 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/.n1449 (Published 7 July 2021) Cite this as: 2021; 374: n1449 Read our 2020 collection for Reflection
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Roy Taylor and colleagues explain how type 2 diabetes can be prevented by losing weight and avoiding weight gain
Type 2 diabetes was once thought to be irreversible and progressive, but research over the past 12 years has confirmed the underlying mechanisms. We now know that the process that causes type 2 diabetes can be reversed by restricting dietary energy to achieve a weight loss of about 15 kg. Energy restriction can stop all diabetes medications and return to non-diabetic glucose control.
A concentration of 48 mmol/mol was recorded after weight loss and at least six months later without any antidiabetic drugs (Box 1).4 Here we summarize the new understanding of diabetes.Sweet Type 2
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